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在初中英语中,首要有三大从句,即宾语从句、定语从句、状语从句(包含时刻、条件、成果、意图、原因、退让、地址、办法等)。

豆姐今日跟我们共享的便是这三个从句的首要语法点,从速看起来吧!

宾语从句

一、界说

在语句中起宾语效果的从句叫做宾语从句。

二、连接词

that: I think that you can pass the exam.

Whether/if: I don’t know what the word means.

“Wh”: I don’不稳定的棱镜t know what the word means.

I don’t know where he found the book.

只用whether的状况:

1. 与or not连用:

I don’t know whether it’s raining or not.

2. 与动词不定式连用:

He doesn’t know whether to accept the invitation.

3. 连接词前有介词时:

It depends on whether he is coming.

三、时态

1. 主句是一般现在时态,骁龙,初中英语语法三大从句总结,建议保藏建议!,苹果官网中文官网从句依据实际状况而定(各种时态均可)

She wants to know what he has done for the exam.

2.主句是一般曩昔时态,从句用相应的曩昔的时态。

1)She said that she was a student.

2)She said that she would fly to Japan in a week.

3)She said that she had finished her homework already.

3. 假设宾语从句说的是客观真理、自然现象或事实时,这时宾语从句要用一般现在时态。

The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun.

定语从句

一、界说

在复合句中润饰名词、代词的从句叫定语从句。

二、先行词

先行词指人 who /t体育生被hat

先行词指物 which/ that

定语从句一般紧跟被润饰的名词或代词(即先行词)后

三、联络代词

联络代词替代先行词在语句中担任成分,所以从句中不行再呈现其他替代先行词的代词

四、翻译办法 “…. 的”

Whom: 先行词指人,晚清风云之北洋白则替代先行词在定语从句中充任宾语(包含介词的宾语), 与who的区别是假设前面带介词则必须用w骁龙,初中英语语法三大从句总结,建议保藏建议!,苹果官网中文官网hom

1. This is the teacher whomwho we like best.骁龙,初中英语语法三大从句总结,建议保藏建议!,苹果官网中文官网

2. I don’t like the boy to whom you are talking.

Whose : 指人或物,作定语,表明 “…的”

eg: Harry is the boy whose mother is our math teacher.

联络代词只能 that 的特别状况:

1.先行词前有序数词润饰时:

This is the first gift that my parents bought me.

2.先行词前有形容词第一流润饰时:

This is the most exciting film that I have ever seen.

3. 先行词是不定代词something, anything等时.

e.g. Is there anything that you want in this shop

4. 先行词是人和物时, 用that.

e.g. He talked about some writers and books that were unknown to us all.

5. 先行词被all , little , the only , the very(便是,正是), the last 等词润饰时,只能用that

e.g. This is the last place that I want to visit.

6. 特别疑问句以who 或which 最初,只能用that引导.

Who is the girl that is making a speech on the platform?

当联络代词前运用介词时:

物+介词+which ; 人+ 介词 + whom

当联络代词前运用介词时:

e.g. 1. This is the train by which we went to Beijing.

2. This is the teacher to whom my mother is talking.

状语从句

一、界说

在复合句中由从句表明的状语称作状语从句,它能够用来润饰谓语(包含非谓语动词)、定语或状语,或是整个语句。

二、状语从句一般分为八大类

时刻状语从句 地址状语从句

原因状语从句 意图状语从句

成果状语从句 条件状语从句

办法状语从句 退让状语从句

1. 时刻状语从句

When ---当……时分, 一般指某一特定的时刻点,主句与从句的动作同时发作。

When I opened the window, I saw him come up.

When--- 正在……的时分,忽然…。一般主句是进行时或 be about to 时,在翻译的时分,when 能够译成没想到或忽然。

I was walking along the street , when I met him.

When 当从句是进行时,主句是一般时,往往表明不满。

Someone knocked at the door when I was having break女子做针灸扎破肺fast.

When=after

When the children had gone to bed, she began to prepare her lessons.

While ---在……期间,往往指一段时刻。

While we were inAmerica, we saw him twice.

While---表明一种不满情绪,意思是这边在干某种重要的事,而另一边在享用等。

We are cleaning the classroom while they are playing the football.

As --- 一边……一边, 跟着

She was doing her homework as she was listening to the music.

As --- 当……时,指一个动作紧接着一个动作发作,从句一般用进行时。

As I was going out, it began to rain.

The moment--- 一……就…… =as soon as , immediately,

---Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?

--gwng-Yes, I gave her the moment I saw her.

Not… until--- 直到……才

He didn’t leave the office until he finished the work.

Before--- 在……之前

The passengers should arrive at the airport an hour before the flight departs.

After --- 在…… 之后

The customer left the ticket counter after he had a quarrel with the ticket agent.

Since---自从……, 一般主句用现在完成时

I have never been there again since 骁龙,初中英语语法三大从句总结,建议保藏建议!,苹果官网中文官网I graduated from the univers诱人的ity.

It is just a week since we arrived here.

As soon as--- 一……就……

Jack went to school as soon as he got well.

No sooner than --- 一……就……

no sooner… than… 用于句首要求倒装

Hardly …when…

Scarcely …when…

No sooner had he arrived than he went away again.

Once--- 一但……就……

Once you see him, you will never forget him.

Every time, each time每次whenever每逢

Each time he came to town, he would visit our school.

2. 条件状语从句

引导状语从句的连接词有:

If假设, unless除非, as long as只需, As (so) far as --- 据……所知,in case假如, provided that假设, on condition that若是,以…为条件

If ---假设

If you don’t hurry up, you will miss the plane.

Unless--- 假设不, 除非=if not

We can’t get there on time unless we book the earliest flight

As long as --- 只需

We will succeed as long as we keep on trying.

As (so) far as --- 据……所知

As far as I骁龙,初中英语语法三大从句总结,建议保藏建议!,苹果官网中文官网 know, he speaks English very well.

In case --- 倘若, 假设

The plane cannot take off in case it rains.

Prov戴瑛瑛ided that 假设,有时省掉 that

The plane will be in good condition provided that it is taken care of carefully.

On condition that--- 条件是…

He said that he wou麦宏愿ld come to the meeting on condition that no one asked him to speak.

注:主从句的动作发作在将来时,则主句用将来时, 从句用一般现在时。

If he arrives tomorrow, I will be waiting for him at the airport.

3. 地址状语从句

地址状语从句只要两个连词: Where, wherever

Where--- 在……当地

Where there is a will, there is a way.

Wherever--- 不论哪里

Wherever you are, I will be right there waiting for you.

4. 原因状语从句

because, as, since, now that, 和considering that, seeing that 这六个连词都用于表明表明原因, 但在口气上一个比一个弱.

Because --- 因为,一般从句放在主句后.

Mr Smith was very upset because he couldn’t find his luggage.

As --- 因为, 一般放在句首

As he is hon腹黑邪神狂傲妻est and modest, all his fri骁龙,初中英语语法三大从句总结,建议保藏建议!,苹果官网中文官网ends like him.

Since ---已然 因口气较弱, 常译为已然(众所周知的原因)

Since everybody has come, we can set off.

Now that --- 已然

Now that you are here, you can join us.

considering that --- 顾及到

Considering that they are just beginners, they are doing quite a good job骁龙,初中英语语法三大从句总结,建议保藏建议!,苹果官网中文官网.

seeing that --- 因为

Seeing垫丰武高速 (that) quite a few people were absent, we decided to put the meet汪金玉ing off.

5. 成果状语从句

引导成果状语从句的连词有:that, so that, so…that…

such…that So… that--- 太……以至于 so 后边运用形容词或副词,vagant 有时省掉so只用that

Boeing 747 is so large that people like to call it jet bomb喷气炸弹.

So that--- 因此,以便,为了 有时so 能够省去

Speak louder please so that the people at the back can hear you.

Sx69uch …that… ---太……以至于 用法与so…that相同,但such 后边运用名词。

The foreign visitor was 唐山地震七大疑团such a fast speaker that nobody could understand him.

6. 意图状语从句

引导意图状语从句的首要连词有: that, so that, in order that, for fear that, lest

(So) that--- 以便, 从句中常常运用一些神态动词,如:can, could, may, might, should等

Let’s take th白色风车歌词藏头诗e front seats (so) that we may see more clearly.

in order that--- 为了, 与so that 相同从句中常常运用一些神态动词,如:can, could, may, might, should等

School was c御蝶坊官网losed early in order that the children might go home ahead of the storm.

for fear that --- 生怕; 为了避免(某事发作)

He took the name down for fear that he should forget it.

in case --- 假如

You should bring a dictionary in case you need it.

Lest --- 以防假如

The man decided to tell his boss the fact lest he would be angry with him.

7. 退让状语从句

引导退让状语从句的连词帅哥撒尿有:Although, though, as, even if, even though, no matter, however, whatever, while, whether.

Although, though ---虽然 although 和though 能够交换,但although 常放在句首。Though能够用于倒装。

Although it was raining, the plane managed to take off.

Though he did his best, he didn’t succeed.

As--- 虽然 as 引导退让状语从句时,语句一般倒装。可与though 交换。

Busy as he is, he never misses a football match.

Even if /even though---即便

Even if you don’t like your boss, you should do your work.

However--- 不论, however 引导退让状语从句时,语句一般倒装

He couldn’t get there on time however fast he drove.

No matter (what, when, where, how)---不论(什么,何时,何地,怎样)

He wouldn’t forgive me no matter how hard I begged him.

Whatever --- 不论

Whatever other people may say, she won’t change her mind.

While ---虽然

While I have戴佳妤 sympathy for you, I can’t help you.

Whether---不论,常与or not 连用

Whether he is good or not, the company decided to send him abroad.

8. 办法状语从句

办法状语从句常由: as, as if, as though

as ---与…… 相同

Do in Rome as the Romans do.

as if, as though --- 似乎, 由as if或 as though引导的从句中可用虚拟口气

She stood at the door as if (=as though) she were waiting for someone.

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英语 语法 初中英语
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